There is no magic to how this is done. An ordinary 35mm. camera can do this, but if you really want to get up close and personal on your subject, then a 100mm or higher lens is necessary. This particular DSLR photographic art is known as macro photography or “photomacrography.”
Macro photography is nothing new. Before digital cameras were invented, photographers would either shoot close up subjects using a macro lens or sometimes even enlarge the subject using a darkroom enlarger during the development process.
The trick to getting super detailed close ups is to shoot as close to the object as possible. You may be asking, why not simply use the digital zoom? The reason not to go this route for close up shots is because the background will get in the way thus producing sub-par results.
With photomacrography, you can shoot as close to the subject as possible and have a larger image that is exquisitely detailed at the same time.
Below are some tips for successful photomacrography:
1. The aperture must be adjusted to achieve the right frame during each shot.
2. The lighting must be balanced to bring out the true color of the subject. If lamps or the sun are not enough, then having reflectors in the background can provide additional fill-in lighting.
3. The use of flash may sometimes be the only way to get a quality close up shot. You can check your lighting using a light meter and then test firing your DSLR camera flash a few times to in order to get it precise.
4. You will probably need to shoot the subject in several different angles in order to get the perfect shot. A tripod can be a great asset if your hands aren’t particularly steady.
5. Your equipment including your DSLR, macro lens, flash, etc. must be stored and cleaned properly in order to get crystal clear close ups every time.
Photomacrography takes a bit of practice in order to perfect, but it’s well worth the time since some of the most beautiful photos in all of photography are extreme close ups.